How to build onnx/onnx for your ARMv7l devices

microsoft/onnxruntime provides build instruction for ARMv7l python wheel which requires onnx/onnx. But it doesn’t provide binary package nor build instruction for ARMv7l. So I’ve written a dockerfile to build onnx/onnx python wheel.

Build instruction

1. Create a build directory

mkdir build-onnx
cd build-onnx

2. Save the dockerfile on into the build directory

  • Dockerfile.arm32v7
FROM balenalib/raspberrypi3-python:latest-stretch-build


#Enforces cross-compilation through Qemu
RUN [ "cross-build-start" ]

RUN install_packages \\
    sudo \\
    build-essential \\
    cmake \\
    git \\
    python3 \\
    python3-pip \\
    python3-dev \\
    libprotoc-dev \\

RUN pip3 install --upgrade pip setuptools wheel
RUN pip3 install numpy

# Prepare onnx Repo
RUN git clone --single-branch --branch ${BRANCH} --recursive ${REPO_URL} onnx

# Start the basic build
WORKDIR /code/onnx
RUN python3 bdist_wheel

# Build Output
RUN realpath /code/onnx/dist/onnx-*.whl

RUN [ "cross-build-end" ]

3. Run docker build

It will take several hours depending on your machine specs.

docker build -t onnx-arm32v7 -f Dockerfile.arm32v7 .

4. Note the full path of the .whl file

It will print the path something like this.

Step 12/13 : RUN realpath /code/onnx/dist/onnx-*.whl
---> Running in ded3b4302e29

5. Copy the Python wheel from the docker image

docker create -ti --name onnx_temp onnx-arm32v7 bash
docker cp onnx_temp:/code/onnx/dist/onnx-1.6.0-cp35-cp35m-linux_armv7l.whl .
docker rm -fv onnx_temp

6. Copy the wheel file to your ARMv7l device


scp onnx-1.6.0-cp35-cp35m-linux_armv7l.whl pi@RaspberryPi:/home/pi/

7. On device, install the wheel file

pip install onnx-1.6.0-cp35-cp35m-linux_armv7l.whl